2015-2020 Action Plan for Integration of Roma into Lithuanian Society provides for increasing the availability of health services in Roma. This is important because the Roma are at greater risk of being involved in the category of the uninsured by compulsory health insurance, thereby losing access to all statutory health care services.

Men are more likely to be uninsured by compulsory health insurance (CHI) (20%) than women (9%) – usually these are unemployed people, nor registered in the labour exchange. All children under age of 18 are insured by compulsory health insurance, as well as women, which, according to the law, have been provided maternity leave, and unemployed women during their pregnancy for 70 days.

The survey of 2015 revealed that 29% of Roma describes their health as “poor and very poor”, 50% reported that they had a chronic disease or long-term health problems. In the Roma group, women more often mentioned having long-term health problems, 25% of the surveyed women reported that in the past years they had not received the necessary medical attention, 31% of them had not seek medical attention due to the lack of time (children care, employment). 26% of Roma reported that the main reason why they had not received necessary medical consultations was fear of treatment and hospitals.